Fores, S.W. London: Fores, S.W. 1833.
Diameter is 9 3/16 inches. Some foxed spots and errant marks on front and back. Includes device for spinning/viewing (not contemporaneous).
One of the earliest devices to achieve a cinematic effect, phenakistiscopes are remarkable in their simplicity. They don't require a playing device like a zoetrope, but only a simple axis to rotate on (and a mirror). The example here is from Fores's moving panorama, or Optical illusions, giving life and activity to inanimate objects. A nut for philosophers to crack, published by Samuel William Fores (1761-1838), an English illustrator and publisher/printer, who specialized in caricatures before venturing into this new illusion.